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Glossary

Also see: PDF IconGlossary of terms used in the CDM project design document (CDM-PDD)

AAU Assigned Amount Unit

AD Anaerobic Digestion

AIE Accredited Independent Entity

Activity data This contains the information about fuel consumption, starting materials and production output for calculating emission levels.

Annex B Party Countries listed in the Annex 1 of the Convention with an emission reduction commitment stated in the Annex B to the Kyoto Protocol

Annex 1 Party Parties listed in the Annex 1 to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

CDM Clean Development Mechanism

CER Certified Emission Reduction

CH4 Methane

CHP Combined heat and power

COD Chemical Oxygen Demand

COGEN Cogeneration / Acronym for EU funded project and European cogeneration association

Combustion emissions These are greenhouse gas emissions that arise as a result of exothermal reactions between a fuel and oxygen.

Conversion factor This is the share of carbon that is not converted into CO2 in the course of chemical reaction but instead is, say, incorporated into the product.

COP/MOP Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol

CO2 Carbon dioxide

CO2eq / CO2e Carbon dioxide equivalent

DMC Developing Member Countries

DNA Designated National Authority

DOE Designated Operational Entity - a list of DOEs can be downloaded from the UNFCCC website

EB Executive Board

EC European Commission

EE Energy efficiency

EE&C Energy Efficiency and Conservation

ERPA Emission Reduction Purchase Agreement

ERSE Energy Services Regulatory Authority

ERU Emission Reduction Unit

ETS Emission Trading Scheme

EU European Union

EUA European Union emission Allowance

EU ETS European Union Emission Trading Scheme

FP6 The EU’s Sixth Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (2002-2006)

FP7 The EU’s Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development

GHG Greenhouse gas

GP Good Practice / Good Practice Case Study

GS-VER Gold Standard Voluntary Emission Reduction

IEE The EU's Intelligent Energy - Europe Programme (2003-2006 and 2007-2013)

IET International Emissions Trading

ITL Independent Transaction Log

JI Joint Implementation

Levels concept This term describes the various activity-specific methods to be employed in deriving the activity parameters (e.g., the manufacture of ceramics). They are explicated in Annexes II-XI of the guidelines for internal management of carbon dioxide.

MOEW Bulgarian Ministry of Environment and Waters

MSW Municipal Solid Waste

Mt Megatonne – one million metric tonnes

MW Megawatt

MWe Megawatt electricity

NAP National Allocation Plan (2005-2007)

NAP2 / NAPII Second Natial Allocation Plan (2008-2012)

Non-Annex 1 Party Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change not listed in the Annex 1

NOx Nitrogen Oxides

Oxidation factor This is the share of carbon that is not converted into CO2 in the course of the combustion process.

Parameter This is the generic term for company-specific activity data, emission factors, oxidation and conversion factors, as well as uncertainty factors, all of which have to be determined and documented for each facility within the EU ETS.

PDD Project Design Document - see cdm.unfccc.int/Reference/Documents

PG Polygeneration

PIN Project Idea Note

PM Particulate Matter also known as particle pollution - a complex mixture of extremely small particles and liquid droplets

PNAC Portuguese National Programme for Climate Change

PoA Programme of Activities

PP Project Participant

PPEC Plan for Promoting Electrical Energy Consumption Efficiency, Portugal

Process emissions These are the greenhouse gas emissions that occur not as a result of combustion but of intentional or unintentional reactions between substances or through their conversion.

PV Photovoltaic

RDF Refuse-Derived Fuel

RE Renewable Energy

RES Renewable Energy Systems or Sources

RTD Research and Technological Development

SET Sustainable Energy Technology

SETatWork A sustainable energy project supported under FP7 which continues and enhances the activities of T@W

SHP Small Hydro Power

SME Small and Medium Enterprise(s)

SO2 Sulphur dioxide

tCO2 Tonnes carbon dioxide

t/year Tonnes (or tons) per year

T@W The sustainable energy project (2006-2008) Sustainable Energy Technology at Work, supported under FP6

ton The United States "short ton" equal to 2,000 pounds, not to be confused with the British "long ton" equal to 2,240 pounds.

tonne A metric tonne - a unit of weight equal to 1,000 kilograms, or 2,204.6 pounds.

UNEP United Nations Environment Programme

UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

VER Voluntary Emission Reduction