Further information: www.gtz.de/en/weltweit/afrika/tansania/24644.htm
GTZ Client: Bundesministerium für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung (BMZ), Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Country: Multi-country; SADC member states: South Africa, Namibia, Lesotho, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Malawi, Tanzania, Mozambique; Headquarters: Pretoria, South Africa
Lead executing agency: Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Overall term: June1998 to December 2009
Over 80 percent of people in the region of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) will continue also in future to depend on biomass. Biomass is used in households, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and institutions for cooking, heating and commercial purposes. Wood, charcoal or agricultural and forestry residues are the primary sources of basic energy. Biomass is the only energy source, particularly outside the cities.
In the SADC region, about one billion tonnes of wood are used every year for cooking, which accelerates deforestation, land degradation and desertification in the region. Biomass is not used in a socially and ecologically sustainable manner.
Alternative fuels such as biodiesel or bioethanol are meanwhile gaining in importance, also in the SADC region. However, these countries lack experience with the sustainable production of biofuels.
In the SADC region, people with low incomes have secure access to sustainably produced and financeable energy.
The Programme for Basic Energy and Conservation (ProBEC) has three components:
ProBEC helps stove builders to produce energy-efficient cooking appliances, and trains new stove producers. The programme also makes potential buyers aware of the efficient use of biomass. Besides this, ProBEC tests and conducts research into stoves, materials and manufacturing processes, and supports the development of standards and test methods in the SADC region.
By providing specific policy advisory services, the programme promotes the creation of framework conditions to facilitate and secure access to energy for low-income households (Basic Energy Services and Technologies - BEST).
ProBEC publishes two newsletters per month to inform its readership about the latest findings on biomass and biofuels, and supports studies, workshops and conferences in the SADC region.